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Safety - RC Helis are not toys

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All Aussie fliers, the laws you must know.

MPA

Elite Veteran

Australia

Before I throw these in a draw somwhere and forget about them Ill cover it here.
I didnt find this information anywhere when I began flying and relied on quoted regs from an Aus club web pages.
The result was they where wrong and specifically distance from Aerodrome, believing to be within the law I was not
Got a letter from CASA instructing the real distance boundary that I was within so I had to stop flying there.
Spotted me from the Air.
No drama just a warning to comply.

That said I couldve saved the issue if I had read the rules but no-one provides links to them and everyone quotes half arsed regs they made up themselves.

This is the Civil Aviation Regulations and the law.
All Australian fliers should be aware of the laws that apply to us.
Ignorance of them is no defence.

MAAA club affiliates will have a set of sub regs or guidelines relating to their clubs that are club regulations only not law.

The ones in this preceed those, and then club rules follow.
MAAA is you local Civil aviation authority approved model aircraft organistion.
It is not a regulatory body but merely a representative of the hobby to the Air safety regulator

MAAA rules DONT apply to you if you are not in the club so if you are NOT and MAAA affilate club member dont read and use their regs believing them to be the law on flying model aircraft as they are not and no guide.

Regulations covering Model Aircraft that are the law and apply to all fliers is in CASA CAR (Civil Aviation Regulations) 1998 referred to as CASA CASR 101

Mostly Subpart G

I will insert comments ()

Laws to Note in basic terms
do not fly within 30 metres of people
do not fly within 30 metres of building you dont have permission to fly near
Do not fly at night outside of a club area, do not fly in bad weather or heavy cloud and fog
do not fly within 3 nautical miles of an Aerodrome with a tower
do not exceed 400 feet in populus area
do keep a lookout if you do exceed 400 feet outside populus area's
do not exceed 25kg max take off weigth

For "occupied buildings."
In the view of CASA "It is our consideration that it is not nesecary to describe occupants, as the injurious effect is mostly like to occur to the model aircraft and not the biulding or its occupants"

And the regs in full.
To begin with there are some defintions used that are covered.

"Populus area"

101.025 Meaning of populous area
For this Part, an area is a populous area in relation to the operation of
an unmanned aircraft or rocket if the area has a sufficient density of
population for some aspect of the operation, or some event that might
happen during the operation (in particular, a fault in, or failure of, the
aircraft or rocket) to pose an unreasonable risk to the life, safety or
property of somebody who is in the area but is not connected with the
operation.

(When should you use Subpart G model aircraft regs)

101.005 Applicability of this Part

(1) This Part sets out the requirements for the operation of unmanned
aircraft (including model aircraft), and (to the extent that the
operation of rockets and fireworks affects or may affect the safety of
air navigation) the operation of rockets and the use of certain
fireworks.

(When to NOT use the regs)

Subparts C to I do not apply to the operation of:

(a) a control-line model aircraft (that is, a model aircraft that is
constrained to fly in a circle, and is controlled in attitude and
altitude, by means of inextensible wires attached to a handle held
by the person operating the model); or
(b) a model aircraft indoors; or

(4) For paragraph (3) (c), a flight does not take place indoors if the
building in which it takes place has the roof, or 1 or more walls,
removed.

Subpart B General prohibition on unsafe operation

101.050 Applicability of this Subpart
This Subpart applies to the operation of all unmanned aircraft and
rockets that are not aircraft, whether or not any of Subparts C to I
applies.

101.055 Hazardous operation prohibited
(1) A person must not operate an unmanned aircraft in a way that creates
a hazard to another aircraft, another person, or property.

101.075 Operation near aerodromes
(1) A person may operate an unmanned aircraft at an altitude above 400 feet AGL within 3 nautical miles of an aerodrome only if:
(a) the operation is permitted by another provision of this Part; or
(b) permission has been given for the operation under regulation
101.080.

(The actual regs relating to Model Aircraft themselves are then in Subpart G)

Subpart G Model aircraft

101.375 Applicability of this Subpart

This Subpart applies to the operation of model aircraft weighing 100
grams or more (except operation mentioned in paragraph
101.005 (3) (a) or (b)).
(101.005 is applicability section above)

Note 1 For model aircraft, see the Dictionary.

Note 2 This Subpart does not apply to:
(a) a control-line model aircraft (that is, a model aircraft that is constrained to fly in a circle, and is controlled in attitude and altitude, by means of inextensible wires attached to a handle held by the person operating the model); or

(b) a model aircraft flown indoors.
See subregulation 101.005 (3).

101.380 Definitions for Subpart
In this Subpart: approved area means an area approved under regulation 101.030 as an area for the operation of model aircraft.
Note CASA must publish details of the approval of an area (including any conditions) in NOTAM or on an aeronautical chart see
subregulation 101.030 (5). giant model aircraft means a model aircraft that has a take-off mass (excluding fuel) of more than 25 kilograms, but not more than 150
kilograms.

(Note 101.030 describes Approved areas such as club flying fields,approved area does not mean you must fly there it simply means it is a registered field that CASA is made aware of, you can fly where you like and do not need to be in a club)

101.385 Visibility for operation of model aircraft
A person may operate a model aircraft only if the visibility at the time
is good enough for the person operating the model to be able to see it
continuously.

101.390 Operating model aircraft at night
A person may operate a model aircraft at night only in accordance
with the written procedures of an approved aviation administration
organisation.

101.395 Keeping model aircraft away from people
(1) A person must not operate a model aircraft over a populous area at a height less than the height from which, if any of its components fails,
it would be able to clear the area.

(See above re Populus area definition)

(2) Subject to subregulations (3) and (4), somebody who is operating a
powered model aircraft must ensure that, while the model aircraft is in
flight, or is landing or taking off, it stays at least 30 metres away from
anyone not directly associated with the operation of model aircraft.

(3) Subregulation (2) is not contravened if somebody stands behind the
model aircraft while it is taking off.

(4) Subregulation (2) is also not contravened if, as part of a model flying
competition, a model aircraft is flown within 30 metres of somebody
who is judging the competition.

101.400 Operation of model aircraft outside approved areas

A person may operate a model aircraft outside an approved area
above 400 feet AGL only if he or she:
(a) keeps it in sight; and
(b) keeps it clear of populous areas.

Note 1 AGL = above ground level (see the Dictionary). For populous area, see regulation 101.025.

Note 2 CASA must publish details of the approval of an area (including any conditions) in NOTAM or on an aeronautical chart see
subregulation 101.030 (5).

01.405 Giant model aircraft
(1) A person may operate a giant model aircraft only in accordance with:
(a) the rules and procedures of an approved aviation administration
organisation; or
(b) an approval given by CASA.
.
Note For giant model aircraft, see regulation 101.380.

(2) CASA may impose a condition on the operation of a giant model
aircraft if the condition is reasonably necessary in the circumstances
in the interests of aviation safety.

101.410 Model flying displays

(1) A person may conduct a model aircraft flying display only in
compliance with subregulation (2) or (3).

(2) A person complies with this subregulation if the display is conducted:
(a) in an approved area; and
(b) in accordance with the rules and procedures of an approved
aviation administration organisation.
Note CASA must publish details of the approval of an area (including any conditions) in NOTAM or on an aeronautical chart see
subregulation 101.030 (5).

(3) A person complies with this subregulation if the display is conducted in accordance with the following conditions and any other conditions imposed by CASA under subregulation (4):

(a) at least 21 days before the display, somebody is nominated as the
organiser of the display;

(b) at least 21 days before the display, he or she gives to CASA the
following information:

(i) his or her name, address and telephone number;
(ii) the proposed program of flying;
(iii) where the display will be held, and how big the intended
flying field is;
(iv) how many spectators are expected, and where they will be;
(c) he or she ensures that:
(i) having regard to the events making up the display, proper
precautions are taken for the safety of the participants and
spectators; and
(ii) the operators participating in the display are competent to
carry out each proposed manoeuvre safely.

(4) CASA may impose a condition on the conduct of a model flying
display if in the circumstances the condition is reasonably necessary
in the interests of aviation safety.

~~~~~~~~~~

The above regs are the law here.
Any questions feel free to ask.

Cheers
Dave

rvv.com.au

12-19-2002 Over year old.
HOMEPAGE  
AussiJohn

Senior Heliman

Perth Western Australia

Finally some regulations. I have just got into Helis or any rc for that matter. Im in Perth WA. What suprised me is i could buy a chopper and all the bits but not get told anything about the legalities of flying them.
I just chose a huge field and make sure there are no people.

I think i have been within the law

02-11-2005 Over year old.
duckmansweb

Senior Heliman

Sunshine coast, QLD, Australia

+1 on what Aussijohn sed , use common sence and no one gets hurt

05-02-2009 Over year old.
BigguyOz

Key Veteran

Forster, New South Wales, Australia

And of course, much of the above gets treate differently if the aircraft is used commercially in any way, as it then becomes by definition an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, and becomes subject to a whole other bunch of regulations.

Tony Stott

05-02-2009 Over year old.
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Safety - RC Helis are not toys

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All Aussie fliers, the laws you must know.

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